Microbiome and Its Effects
The human body hosts various microbial organisms, collectively known as the microbiome. Growing research suggests that this complex community can affect our health and well-being. From gut bacteria to skin flora, there's never been a better time to explore the connections between microbes in and around us – and how we can use them to benefit ourselves. Your body is home to a multitude of bacterial cells. You have around 30 trillion human cells and 40 trillion bacterial cells.
Here you will know microbiomes' effects on our well-being and what steps we can take to enhance or maintain a healthy balance of these beneficial microorganisms.
How Microbiome Affects Your Overall Health
The composition of bacteria in your digestive tract may have profound effects. The human gut microbiome is home to an array of bacterial species that perform various functions for our overall health and well-being.
1. Digestive Health
The gut microbiome, mainly consisting of bacteria, plays a vital role in digestion and nutrient absorption. Certain bacteria help break down complex carbohydrates and produce essential vitamins, such as Vitamins B, and K. A balanced gut microbiome is necessary for a healthy digestive system.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) sufferers may have gut dysbiosis, which causes their symptoms of bloating, cramping, and abdominal discomfort. The microorganisms are to blame since they create gas and other substances that aggravate the symptoms of IBS.
2. Mental Health
A growing body of evidence suggests a connection between the gut microbiome and mental health. The gut-brain axis, a bidirectional communication system between the gut and the brain, influences mood, cognition, and behavior.
An imbalance in the gut microbiome has been associated with conditions like anxiety, depression, and stress. Multiple investigations have proven that the species of bacteria in the gut of patients with various mental illnesses vary from those of healthy individuals.
3. Weight Management
The composition of the gut microbiome can affect metabolism and energy balance. Several high-profile research has demonstrated that the gut microbiota of obese people and their lean counterparts are radically different. This proved that there was no genetic basis for microbial diversity.
4. Cardiovascular Health
Certain types of bacteria in the gut microbiome convert choline and L-carnitine, nutrients found in red meat and other animal-based food sources, into a chemical called trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO).
This chemical is linked to an increased risk of heart disease due to its ability to contribute to blocked arteries, potentially leading to heart attacks or stroke. These unhealthy species have the potential to produce TMAO, contributing to poor cardiovascular health and increasing the risk of heart disease.
5. Allergies and Asthma
The early development of the microbiome is crucial in shaping the immune system's tolerance to allergens. An altered gut microbiome during infancy has been associated with an increased risk of developing allergies and asthma.
The gut's microbial population is crucial in maintaining overall metabolic health. However, if the balance of healthy and unhealthy microorganisms in the intestines is disrupted, it can lead to unfavorable health outcomes like weight gain and mental health issues, to name a few.
Consuming a diverse range of wholesome foods, like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, etc, is recommended. These foods aid in the growth of beneficial bacteria, which help preserve optimal metabolic health.